Chapter 7


Chapter 7 of Performing Music Research describes the main features of surveys and discusses when it is appropriate to use them. It considers the key decisions that must be taken when designing a survey, when and how to choose a questionnaire that has already been validated, and how to adapt or construct a new questionnaire. It highlights different types of data, and the different types of questions that are available to researchers, including open and closed questions, rating and measurement scales, and ranking systems. The chapter outlines the overall structure of an effective questionnaire and discusses the relative advantages of paper-based (print) and electronic delivery. It also considers the pros and cons of surveys and describes how to report their results.

Research spotlight

Box 7.3
Profiling musicians’ pain

Research investigating the degree to which, and where, musicians experience performance-related pain.

Read the full report:

Cruder C, Falla D, Mangili F, Azzimonti L, Araújo L, Williamon A, & Barbero M (2018), Profiling the location and extent of musicians’ pain using digital pain drawings, Pain Practice, 18, 53-66 [DOI].

Film produced by: Tantrwm Digital Media


Practice questions

These questions test your knowledge of the content of Chapter 7.

Surveys are an example of a quasi-experimental design.
Where cross-sectional surveys collect data at a particular point in time, _____________ surveys capture data from participants on more than one occasion.
__________ studies often collect data from a very large and specific group of people over an extended people of time.
Whether a student received a fail, pass, or distinction on an examination is an example of __________ data.
This question is asking you for a(n) __________ response.
Dummy coding is used to process continuous data.
A scale from 1 = 'slow' to 10 = 'fast' is an example of a __________ scale.
Existing questionnaires can be adapted for use in different contexts.
A disproportionate amount of research in psychology and the social sciences has been conducted on __________ samples.
Online surveying platforms often have tools that let you employ survey __________, allowing different participants to receive different questions and/or questions in a different order.
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