Chapter 8

Experiments

Chapter 8 of Performing Music Research examines the experiment as a means of assessing new ideas and initiatives, producing evidence that can support crucial developments in the lives and education of musicians. It outlines several key types of experiment, defined by how people are divided into groups, what those groups do, and how those groups are compared; it also considers how experimental strategies can be used to examine changes in an individual over a period of time. The chapter discusses guidelines for the effective design and conduct of experiments. Finally, it describes how to document the method and how to achieve rigor and validity in experimental research.

Research spotlights

Box 8.2
Singing and postnatal depression

Research demonstrating how group singing can help new mothers recover from symptoms of postnatal depression.

Read the full report:

Fancourt D & Perkins R (2018), Effect of singing interventions on symptoms of postnatal depression: a three-arm randomised controlled trial, British Journal of Psychiatry, 212, 119-121 [DOI].

Film produced by: Tantrwm Digital Media

Box 8.3
Reacting to audition stress

Research demonstrating how performers’ hearts respond to the pressures of an audition.

Read the full report:

Chanwimalueang T, Aufegger L, Adjei T, Wasley D, Cruder C, Mandic DP, & Williamon A (2017), Stage call: cardiovascular reactivity to audition stress in musicians, PLOS One, 12 (e0176023), 1-14 [DOI].

Film produced by: Tantrwm Digital Media

These questions test your knowledge of the content of Chapter 8.

Two variables that randomly correlate with one another, but have no relationship, are an example of (a) __________.
The best tool for isolating causal relationships is a __________ experiment.
The independent variable is the outcome of the experiment, and the dependent variable is the factor that you change.
A quasi-experiment can be run using a random or a non-random sample.
RCT stands for Randomized __________ Trial.
When a participant's behavior changes because they are being observed, this is known as _____________.
A mixed-design experiment can combine elements of a true experiment, quasi-experiment, and repeated-measures experiment in a single study.
A ______________ experiment examines the experiences of one specific participant.
In a double-blinded experiment, neither the participants or the researchers...
The experimental protocol documents the outcomes of the study and how it unfolded.
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